enugu State

State Fact File


3.3 million

Main Languages:


Main Tribes:


State Capital:


Geographical Location:

South East of Nigeria

Interesting Facts:

The State has 17 Local Government Areas. Three of these are within the capital territory, Enugu, from which the State derives its name. Enugu is popularly called the Coal City. The city developed with the discovery and mining of Coal mineral beginning in 1909 in Ngwo village, now on the outskirts of the city. The Coal industry, with its employment opportunities, led to the migration of thousands of people from the hinterlands and other parts of the country to the town.

Enugu town acquired township status in 1917 and became strategic to British government interests and administration of the Southern province of pre-independent Nigeria. At different times, it served as the capital of the Southern province, Eastern Region and the defunct Federal Republic of Biafra. It was also the capital of East Central state, old Anambra State, old Enugu State through a process of States creation. It remains the socio-cultural capital and political rallying-point of the Igbo people.

Official State Website


State Ministry

Helping states make better use of their own resources to plan, manage, deliver and monitor services is at the heart of ESSPIN. We will help states plan on the basis of better management information, reform their inspection services, improve the training and deployment of teachers and get better value for money from procurement of buildings and materials. We will focus particularly on public financial management, complementing SPARC's work with Ministries of Planning and Budgeting. In Northern Nigeria we will help states integrate the teaching of a basic curriculum into Islamiyah and Quranic schools. In Lagos we will help the State improve regulation and inspection of private sector schools.


Two thirds of ESSPIN's resources will provide technical assistance to Government. The remainder will help underpin the transformation of government systems by providing resources to show what a reformed education system can do and creating incentives for further reform. This will include support for water and sanitation facilities, provision of educational materials, some infrastructure improvements and innovative ways of getting operating resources directly to schools and communities.


Building up government capacity and providing help to schools and communities is only part of the story: ESSPIN will also work with communities, civil society, the media and political representatives to share information, agree service standards and build up demand for better services. In particular, we will help School Based Management Committees to have a bigger influence in school management and improvement. ESSPIN will work alongside SAVI to build broad coalitions for reform in the education sector.

Key Facts Based on the 2009/10 Annual School Census

  • 11.7% of Urban Primary schools in this State run double shifts
  • There are approx 254,900 primary school children in Enugu State (49.5% Female 50.5% Male)
  • In Senior Secondary School there are approx 91,700 enrolled, 55.3% of whom are girls
  • There are approx 13,260 primary school teachers employed, 9,600 of whom are female.
  • The Enugu primary pupil/teacher ratio is 23:1 and 27:1 when considering only qualified teachers
  • At SSS level the pupil teacher ratio is 23:1 and the pupil to qualified teacher ratio of 24:1
  • Approx 23% of all urban primary teachers and 44% of rural primary teachers in the State received training in the last 12 months.
  • There are approx 8,200 primary classrooms, almost all of which are usable. (Approx 39 pupils per classroom in primary).
  • 20% of primary classrooms have sufficient seating and 34% have a good blackboard
  • 71.9% of primary schools have no source of safe water
  • 67.7% of primary schools have no toilet. The average pupil to toilet ratio is 278:1. The worst LGA for pupil to toilet ratio at primary level is Enugu East LGA with a ratio of 783 pupils per toilet.
  • 85.3% of children progress from primary school to JSS.