kano State

State Fact File


9.4 million

Main Languages:

Hausa and Fulfude

Main Tribes:

Hausa and Fulani

State Capital:


Geographical Location:

Northern Nigeria



Official State Website


Kano Reform Agenda Summary

The Educational system in Kano has been in systemic decline for over a decade. In response to this situation, we are committed to improving the education system and the lives of millions of primary school-aged children.

The Education Reform Agenda in Kano State is centered on the realisation of the Education Strategic Plan (ESP). The 10 year strategic plan is a result of an intensive sector analysis carried out in January 2008. This will provide an overview of the education sector policies, objectives, targets and strategies for the period 2009 to 2018. The ESP has been developed with reference to current national and state policies.

The ESP is structured around these five key focal areas, identified as priorities:

  • Equitable access
  • Quality of education
  • Technical and vocational education and training
  • Education finance
  • Education planning and management

The new Kano State Governor Alhaji Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso who is returning a second time as governor has placed education at the forefront of his administration.

State Ministry

Helping States make better use of their own resources to plan, manage, deliver and monitor services is at the heart of ESSPIN. We will help States plan on the basis of better management information, reform their inspection services, improve the training and deployment of teachers and get better value for money from procurement of buildings and materials. We?ll focus particularly on public financial management, complementing SPARC's work with Ministries of Planning and Budgeting. In Northern Nigeria we will help States integrate the teaching of a basic curriculum into Islamiyah and Quranic schools. In Lagos, we will help the State improve regulation and inspection of private sector schools.


Two thirds of ESSPIN's resources will provide technical assistance to Government. The remainder will help underpin the transformation of government systems by providing resources to show what a reformed education system can do and creating incentives for further reform. This will include support for water and sanitation facilities, provision of educational materials, some infrastructure improvements and innovative ways of getting operating resources directly to schools and communities.


Building up government capacity and providing help to schools and communities is only part of the story: ESSPIN will also work with communities, civil society, the media and political representatives to share information, agree service standards and build up demand for better services. In particular, we will help School Based Management Committees to have a bigger influence in school management and improvement. ESSPIN will work alongside SAVI to build broad coalitions for reform in the education sector.

Key Facts Based on the 2009/10 Annual School Census

  • Approximately 30% of all Urban Schools run double shifts
  • There are over 2 million primary school children in Kano State (47.7% Female 52.3% Male)
  • In Senior Secondary School there are just over 200,000 enrolled, 36.2% of whom are girls
  • There are approx 44,650 primary school teachers employed, 7,600 of whom are female.
  • The Kano primary pupil/teacher ratio is 42 and 114:1 when considering only qualified teachers
  • By SSS the pupil teacher ratio improves to 31 and the pupil to qualified teacher ratio to 39
  • Approx 20% of all teachers in the State received training in the last 12 months.
  • There are approx 23,000 primary classrooms, 94.4% of which are usable. (Approx 87 pupils per classroom in primary).
  • 35.4% of primary classrooms have sufficient seating and 61.5% have a good blackboard
  • 47.4% of primary schools have no source of safe water
  • 61.8% of primary schools have no toilet. The average pupil to toilet ratio is 200:1. The worst LGA for pupil to toilet ratio at primary level is Nassarawa LGA with a ratio of 1214 pupils per toilet.
  • Approx 40% of girls and 50% 0f boys progress from primary school to JSS.